Sapphires: Eternity and Romance Powered by a Royal Blue Gem
For centuries associated with royalty and romance, sapphire has been capturing our attention by its divine aura.
Sapphire is the gemstone in the corundum mineral group that obtains its color from trace amounts of elements such as iron, titanium, chromium, copper, vanadium, or magnesium. Although the most widespread and commonly known sapphire has exquisite blue color, it does exist in other colors too, such as yellow, green, pink, and red. All of those are known as sapphires except the red one, which is officially known as ruby. Disregarding the ruby, only blue corundum is referred to as sapphire, while the rest are named “fancy sapphires.” The original blue sapphire is also the most expensive of them all.
The main supplier of sapphires was Sri Lanka until about a decade ago when Madagascar took over as the biggest producer. Other countries that also have sapphire mines are Myanmar/Burma, Nepal, Tanzania, Cambodia, and Thailand.
Throughout the history, sapphire has known to be the gemstone of nobility, truth, sincerity, and faithfulness. It is ranked at 9.0 on Mohs scale of hardness, second only to diamond.
Perhaps, the most intriguing aspect about the sapphire is that displays the star effect, or the phenomenon known as asterism, meaning that it exhibits a star-like concentration of refracted light when cut en carbon.